The Philippines is an agrarian economy with agriculture being the main occupation of the population. Most of its citizens live in rural areas and follow various livelihood options in the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector in Philippines is divided into four agriculture sub-sectors, including fisheries, livestock and forestry. Rice and maize account for nearly 50% of agricultural production in the country. This has led to increased awareness about agricultural studies.
Besides rice and corn, the other important crop yields in the country are coconut, bananas, pineapple, coffee, mangoes and abaca (a type of banana). Apart from these, the secondary agriculture products include peanut, cassava, garlic, onions, eggplant, cabbage, rubber, cotton and calamansi (lemon type).
Agricultural land in the country is a mixture of small, medium and large farms. An average farm size is about 2 hectares which are usually owned and managed by single family units and range subsistence to commercial production. This has resulted in Philippines Agriculture colleges, some of which are state owned.
Pampanga Agriculture College: Primarily established as an agricultural school, Pampanga Agriculture College became a state college in September of 1974. Originally created in 1885, this centuries-old institution is located at the foot of the majestic Mount Arayat in the town of Magalang, Pampanga province. It is spread over an area of 700 hectares of agricultural land from the government. The main objective of college instruction, research and development, extension training and production.
Currently, the college offers 13 under-graduate courses, computer courses for two years, the 2-year course in agricultural technology, agricultural science high school, and graduate schools for three masters and three doctoral degrees.
Xavier University - College of Agriculture: This prestigious institution was founded in 1953 by the late Father William F. Masterson and is the second oldest agricultural colleges between Mindanao and the position also proud to be the only Catholic college in agriculture nationwide. He is also founding member of the Association of the Philippines, College of Agriculture (APCA).
The study program of Xavier University - College of Agriculture is a distinctive combination of field work and the liberal arts education active. The main objective is College teaching, research, extension and production.
Most colleges are affiliated with some teachers and organizations which provide valuable inputs on a regular basis abroad.