General Information About Genital Herpes You Do Not Know
Common features of genital herpes
Genital herpes is one of the many diseases caused by the herpes virus, a virus family of five different strains that afflict humans with a variety of diseases, including chickenpox, shingles and mononucleosis. The most common strain, herpes simplex, has two variants: Type 1, which is usually associated with herpes labialis or cold sores around the mouth; and type 2, which usually infects the genitals, buttocks and thighs with painful sores and blisters. Both types are not limited to these areas, however; studies have shown 1 herpes-type virus in genital lesions and type 2 virus in the mouth and throat infections. Other parts of the body can also be affected, including the hands, eyes, brain and spinal cord.
Although the herpes virus causing a wide variety of diseases and have been studied extensively for decades, they remain a medical puzzle. Since the invading organism, herpes viruses remain throughout life, although they may be latent in most cases. This selection causes chickenpox in children, after which the virus remains dormant in the nervous system. In most people, the virus never becomes active, but for unknown reasons, in other cases, it may burst into painful attacks of shingles, more commonly known as shingles. Similarly, herpes simplex also undergoes cycles of recurrent inflammatory activity and numbness.
The new "Scourge"
Genital herpes, although an ancient disease was relatively rare in the United States until the late 1960s mainly transmitted through sexual contact, the disease has become the most common sexually transmitted disease in this country, affecting about 20 million Americans, with 500,000 new cases occur each year.
The disease is most commonly spread by direct contact, which means that for herpes, the uninfected skin must communicate with an active herpes injury. Oral sex is supposed to explain the presence of Type 1 herpes sores in the genital area or type 2 infections of the mouth and throat. Recent studies have shown that herpes simplex virus can survive for short periods in toilet seats, towels and other items, but most experts doubt that the disease is most likely to be committed from these sources. It is highly contagious by direct contact, but for the purpose of transmitting herpes to another person, there is usually an injury must be active blister or herpes, but there may be shedding virus without suffering the symptoms of an attack. In general, herpes virus multiplies rapidly once it has penetrated the skin. The first symptoms are usually itching or tingling sensation followed by the eruption of sores or blisters that are extremely painful. Fever, malaise and headache may accompany the first attack; these symptoms and wound pain are generally lighter in recurrent attacks.
Once an attack decreases, the virus becomes latent fraying along the nerve fibers to reach a place of rest. In rare cases, the herpes virus can travel to the brain causing severe and often fatal form of encephalitis. Most often, it infects the brain, herpes can infect the cornea of the eye; Without treatment, a herpes eye infection can lead to eye injuries and even blindness. About 500,000 of these eye infections occur each year in the United States. Type 2 virus can invade the spinal cord, which causes a type of meningitis.
Other complications of genital herpes
The most serious complications of genital herpes affects children born to women who have active infections at birth. About 50 to 60 percent of children who contract infections spread here die and half of those who survive can suffer brain damage or blindness. Many doctors recommend that the baby by Caesarean section if the mother has an active infection near the time of delivery. There have been reports of increased incidence of cervical cancer in women with genital herpes, but the evidence is inconclusive.
Genital herpes Treatment
As noted above, the herpes virus remains in the body, and yet there is no cure for herpes. Tests are currently being conducted in an oral form of the drug. An intravenous, recently approved for use in the United States seems to be most effective in severe cases.
Other types of treatment include the use of lasers to "vaporize" the lesions of herpes.
Genital Herpes Prevention
The best way to prevent herpes is to avoid sexual contact with an infected person.
Although genital herpes itself is generally not clinically severe disease can lead to depression and other emotional problems. Many sufferers tend to experience sexual partner who contracted the disease, which leads to divorce or the breakup of a relationship. A number of herpes centers and focus groups were formed across the country to support and assist victims of the disease.
Genital herpes has become the most common sexually transmitted disease in this country. It can also be fatal for children who are exposed to the herpes virus at birth. A new drug is effective in relieving the symptoms and to accelerate healing in patients with a first episode.