Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Management in the Engineering Practice

Health, safety and environment should be part of the engineering profession in a country to
the duty of care economic reasons and legal reasons.

* Compliance with standards requires four essential elements:
* Identification of safety functions necessary to stop safely
* Assign a safety integrity level (SIL) for each safety function
* The use of the safety lifecycle for technical design and
* Verifying SIL achieved for each safety function.

The code of engineering practice takes into account the following:

* Public Safety: Give priority to the safety and well-being, taking into account this principle to evaluate the obligations to clients, employers and colleagues.
* Risk management: Take reasonable steps to minimize the risk of loss of life, injury or suffering.
* Place of work and place of construction: Minimize the potential dangers associated with the construction and manufacture of products and engineering processes.

Engineers take social, cultural, economic, environmental and safety into consideration and strive for an efficient use of resources in the world to meet the long-term human needs.

SAFETY engineering projects
Security is a concern in almost all engineering design process. Engineers must understand safety in the context of the technical design and what it means to say that the project is safe from human lesions.

Current design methods priority over environmental economics. Safety is the risk of antonym. Therefore, the safe design because it reduces the risk. safe design aims to minimize risks in the usual sense.

Several design strategies used to ensure safety in potentially dangerous technology operations are:

* Integrated security
* Safety factors
* Negative feedback (automatic stop)
* Multiple independent safety barriers.

Security design strategies are used to reduce the risk of injury or estimated uncertainties, not only to reduce risk.

There are four (4) main principles of design in engineering practice.

(D) Multiple safety barriers
Safety barriers are arranged in chains so that each barrier is independent of its predecessors (if the first fails, the second is still intact). safety factors and multiple safety barriers manage uncertainties and risks. probabilistic calculations can support, but will not supplant the ethics process engineers responsible (environment, health and safety culture).

Security engineering principles also include operator training, maintenance of equipment and facilities and the impact reports are examples of general security practices.

The engineering profession should be the harbinger of health, safety and environmental management, due to the complexity of the production of the profession and its impact on the lives of the general population.
* Ignore the importance of good engineering practice.

* Design systems that meet the economic requirements, but no security protection.
* Neglecting the human factor (calculation errors, etc.)
* Focusing only on the level of safety integrity level (SIL) and not on prevention.

Security is a fundamental ethical requirement in the practice of engineering. In engineering design, safety analysis always includes safety against involuntary human death or injury that occur as a result of misuse of the object designed to:

* Prevention of environmental damage
* Effects of prevention in the long-term health

For example, if a bridge collapses, the engineers who designed it are held accountable.

Engineers have a lasting impact on the safety and define our level of environment, health and safety culture.

Ethical obligations in the practice of engineering
Ethical obligations are necessary for engineers to carry out their profession. Without the obligation of confidentiality, customers could not trust the engineers of commercially sensitive information. Without this information, engineers could not do their job. Professionalism, integrity and competence

* Commitment to the community / public welfare
* Sustainable management and environmental protection
* Support for engineering knowledge


* Engineers will hold primary health, safety and environmental / public welfare in the exercise of their profession.
* Engineers should practice only in their fields or areas of responsibility, prudent and diligent manner and in accordance with the rules, laws, codes, rules and regulations applicable to the practice of engineering.
* Engineers should declare their interests clearly.
* Engineers should act as faithful agents of their employers or clients and maintain confidentiality, avoid conflicts of interest whenever possible and disclose unavoidable conflicts.
* Engineers professional concerns should be brought to the knowledge of the customer and the impact of engineering decisions or judgments.
* Engineers should reject any public works, engineering decisions or practices that endanger the public HSE.
* Engineers must commit to learning throughout life, seeking to advance the body of knowledge engineering and encourage others to do the same engineers.
* Engineers should promote responsibility, commitment and ethics in both phases of the teaching and practice of engineering. They should strengthen the awareness of the company's engineering responsibilities to the public and encourage communication of these principles of conduct ethics of engineers.

Inability to identify security risks and the inability to solve or manage these risks could result in huge costs, both human and economic. The multidisciplinary nature of safety engineering means that a wide range of professionals are actively involved in accident prevention and safety engineering.

Errors or engineer's inability to enter SMS management in their practice explicitly catastrophic.

Engineers take the initial system design, analyze them to find out what failures may occur and propose safety requirements in the initial design specifications and modifications to existing systems to make the system safer.

Good HSE management is visible in a country with the quality of professional ethics professional, inclusive engineers and the level of their health values ​​and the state of their environment, its level of cleanliness (personal hygiene and 'public health).

Usual SMS management starts with awareness of safety. Finally, engineers must seek sustainable health, safety and environmental management and make it an integral part of our engineering practice today for the relevance of our profession tomorrow.

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