Hernias are five times more common in men than women, and approximately 95% of these lesions are clinically defined as inguinal hernias. A hernia involves a break in the abdominal wall, through which the tissues of the fatty parts or projecting intestine. Although inguinal hernia can not be painful at first, there will be a noticeable swelling in the groin area, and the hernia may be injured during physical activities such as lifting and bending. Inguinal hernias are defined as "indirect" when the cause is a congenital defect of the abdominal wall, or "direct" when physical activity has degraded the abdominal muscles, causing rupture. An estimated 70,000 hernia repair operations are performed in the UK each year more successful. Inguinal hernia will, however, often result in a long period of time off work, and the consequent reduction in turnover. Doctors often recommend surgery when an inguinal hernia is diagnosed because of potential medical complications if the wound is not treated.
Inguinal hernias are especially common because of the natural weakness in the abdominal area, and the amount of pressure on the muscles and tendons that make up the abdominal wall during daily activities. While most people make a full recovery within a few weeks after surgery of hernia, the operation itself may cause further weakness in the abdominal area, and unfortunately there is a high rate of recidivism patients with hernias.
Hernias regularly affect the most active segment of the population, and this is reflected in industries where high incidence of hernias among workers. Lifting and transporting heavy loads and difficult is probably the most common cause of hernias at work. Any other form of physical exertion can also cause a hernia, including pull, push and carry heavy loads. Hernias can develop from repetitive strain involved in actions, including bending, reaching and twisting. The key here is again the number of continuous pressure is placed on the abdominal wall. coughing and severe or persistent sneezing can also cause hernias, conditions that can result from smoke or other irritants in the air in the workplace.
Detailed regulations covering lifting and carrying workloads are designed to prevent working conditions likely to cause hernias among employees. Whenever possible, these tasks must be mechanized, and where human intervention is inevitable, tasks must be carefully evaluated the risks and well supervised. Personnel involved in the handling of heavy loads should also receive training in safe lifting techniques. Hernia compensation could reach £ 5,850, if an injured person had no congenital malformation and the risk of recurrence is high. Where there may have been a preexisting error, and a full recovery is made, compensation for a hernia caused by working conditions and varies between 2,150GBP 4,750GBP.