Newborn Screening Tests For PKU

Testing Labs and soon after birth

Mandatory testing

Each state has a set of blood tests required born. Such testing of a variety of diseases. States have adopted these protocols, because the early diagnosis of certain diseases can be life saving.

In some cases, medication may be prescribed before the disease affects a baby in any way. In other cases, the disease can not be completely treated, but some lifestyle changes can prevent chronic disease causing devastating problems. N
urses or laboratory technicians conduct tests of the newborn using a few drops of blood taken from the heel of your baby, usually while you are still in hospital. Unlike many other blood tests, they should not stick to the blood stream. All tests are performed on this card. The blood should not be taken before a baby is 24 hours; If so, then the test results may not be valid. Parents have the right to refuse the newborn screening. However, because the results of these tests can save lives, try to dissuade parents to refuse them. In addition, different states require different tests based on population and the regional impact of specific diseases.

A normal result is called "negative." For a child with a "positive" result (or abnormal), the test is usually repeated to confirm the result. If a return test as a limit, it often needs to be repeated.

PCU. When phenylalanine accumulate in the body, they travel to the brain and can cause mental retardation. Once alerted to the condition, parents can avoid foods that contain phenylalanine, and the consequences of the disease without control - such as mental retardation - can be avoided completely. Galactosemia. This diagnosis means that your child is unable to break a type of sugar called galactose. Galactose is found in many foods, including breast milk and cow's milk. When galactose, can not be broken, it accumulates in the blood and can lead to serious consequences such as mental retardation, cataracts, and liver and kidney disease.

However, if children with this condition to avoid foods containing galactose, so they can also avoid the consequences. As children diagnosed with PKU, these babies should be fed special formula, and as they age, their diet should be regulated carefully. Galactosemia occurs in about 1 in 40,000 newborns.

Load disqus comments

0 komentar