The Evolution Of Technology The History Of Computers

While computers are now an important part of human life, there was a time when there were no computers. Knowing the history of computers and how much progression has been made can help you understand the complexity and innovative the creation of computers really is.

Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have a specific inventor. Along the IT development, many people have added their creations to the list required to operate a computer. Some inventions have been different types of computers, and some parts were required to allow computers to be developed.


Perhaps the most important date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was that year that the first "computer" was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and dubbed the Z1 computer. This computer stands as the first because it was the first system to be fully programmable. There were devices prior to this, but none had the computing power that distinguishes it from other electronic devices.

It was not until 1942 that any business saw profit and opportunity in computers. The first company was called ABC computers, owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, the promotion of computer science.

It was a huge machine, and started the revolution to build smaller and faster computers.

The age of computers was forever changed by the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM in the IT industry in 1953. The company, on the computer's history, has been an important player in the development of new systems and servers for public and private use. This introduction brought the first real signs of competition in the history of computing, which helped spur faster and better development of computers. His first contribution was the IBM 701 computer EPDM.

The Programming Language Evolves

A year later, the first high-level language of the success of programming has been created. FORTRAN was written so that more people could begin to program computers easily.

The year 1955, Bank of America and the Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the creation of the first computers for use in banks. MICR or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, coupled with the actual computer, the ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking sector. In 1958, one of the most important breakthroughs in computer history occurred, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as the chip, is one of the basic requirements for modern computer systems. In every motherboard and card within a computer system, many chips that contain information on what cards and cards do. Without these chips, the systems as we know them today may not work.

Gaming, Mouse & Internet

For many computer users now, games are a vital part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, which was created by Steve Russel and MIT, which was dubbed Spacewar.

The mouse, one of the basic components of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. One of the most important aspects of computers today was invented in 1969. This change would result in the evolution of knowledge and business across the world.

It was not until 1970 that Intel entered the scene with the first dynamic RAM chip, which resulted in an explosion of innovation in computer science.

The first NIC was established in 1973, allowing data transfer between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet, but allows computers to connect without use of the Internet.

PC household Emerge

The next three years are very important for computers. This is when companies began to develop systems for the average consumer. The Scelbi Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80 and Commodore PET computers were the forerunners in this field. Although expensive, these machines started the trend for computers in households.

All development costs were paid within two weeks time, making it one of the most successful programs in computer history.

1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for the home computer user. This is the year that WordStar, the first word processing program, was released for sale. This drastically altered the usefulness of computers for the everyday user.

The IBM home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable for home owners and standard consumers. 1981 also saw the mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system completely changed computing forever, as it was quite easy for everyone to learn.

The competition begins: Apple vs. Microsoft

Computers have seen another vital change during the year 1983. The Apple Lisa was the first with a graphical user interface, or GUI. Most modern programs contain a GUI, which allows them to be easy to use and pleasing to the eye. Without the raw stages of the history of the computer, none of this would have been possible.

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